What is the Novel Coronavirus (NCOV)?
A new beta coronavirus, NCOV, is different from other coronaviruses previously found in humans. The novel coronavirus may have come from an animal.
Novel coronavirus (NCOV) is the current name being used to describe a specific coronavirus that is currently being compared to SARS. Discovered in 2012 in a patient from Qatar who had recently visited Saudi Arabia, the first known case of NCOV was with a Saudi Arabian who died in early 2012. NCOV is referenced in some media as ‘Saudi SARS’ – to differentiate it from the Hong Kong / Canadian version of SARS.
What are the symptoms of NCOV Virus?
Symptoms are not currently known.
How is NCOV Virus Transmitted?
There is currently very limited information related to how NCOV is transmitted.
This particular strain of coronavirus has not been previously identified in humans. There is very limited information on transmission, severity and clinical impact with only a small number of cases reported thus far.
Novel coronavirus 2012, or London1_novel CoV 2012, is the tentative name of a coronavirus. Early media reports compared the virus toSARS. The virus first emerged in the Middle East, and was discovered on September 2012 in a Qatari patient who had recently traveled to Saudi Arabia. He is being treated for the respiratory disease, which has led to renal failure. The first known case was a Saudi Arabian who died in early 2012. This virus is being referred to as 'Saudi SARS' in informal settings to differentiate it from the Hong Kong/Canadian SARS.
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that it is "engaged in further characterizing the novel coronavirus" and that it has "immediately alerted all its Member States about the virus and has been leading the coordination and providing guidance to health authorities and technical health agencies." The United Kingdom's Health Protection Agency is working on the genetic sequence of the virus, based on the sequence obtained from the Qatari case. Virologist Ron Fouchier has speculated that the virus might originate from bats.
Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health was concerned that the virus might affect the October 2012 Hajj, the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, as Muslims making the Hajj may have been infected.
On February 11, 2013, WHO stated that there had been 11 laboratory-confirmed cases, 5 cases (3 fatal) from Saudi Arabia, 2 cases (both fatal) from Jordan, 2 cases from Qatar, and 2 from the UK. Two of the Saudi Arabia cases were from the same family and from that family at least one additional person presented similar symptoms but tested negative for the novel coronavirus. In February 2013, the first UK case of the novel coronavirus was confirmed in Manchester in a person who had recently visited the Middle East and Pakistan; it is the tenth case globally. This patient's son was also reported to have contracted the virus, providing the first strong evidence for person-to-person transmission. As of 13 February 2013, WHO states "the risk of sustained person-to-person transmission appears to be very low." On 19 February 2013, the son in Briton died of this novel infection.